‘Mother plants’ is a commonly referred-to term among growers and farmers. Let’s take a look at what does it actually mean? The term lies in close correlation with the phenomena of cloning or in other words, making cuttings of a plant to produce its next generation. So let’s move on to more details related to cloning.
What are mother plants?
The mother or parent plant is the plant from which a new generation of plants is propagated, usually by cloning. The result of this process is a population of identical plants (to the mother) with all desired qualities.
Suppose you have a healthy plant with great productivity. So by cloning, it is possible to produce multiple numbers of new plants with the exact same qualities as the parent. So choose the best plant in your field and just clone it.
This technique is commonly used by all professional growers. This method guarantees great and consistent productivity. Adding to the benefits, the growing time is also considerably cut short because, in this method, we actually develop plants from cuttings and not seeds.
How to take care of the mother plant?
In order to produce healthy clones, the mother’s health is of utmost importance. That is why; the mother plant should be kept in a consistent and quality vegetative environment. An ideal lighting condition for healthy growth and development of a plant is provided by 18 hrs of proper lighting and the rest of the day in darkness.
However, some growers do provide the plants with full day lighting without considering about the electricity consumption. It is better to house the mother in her own hydro system. This ensures that she is supplied with adequate and right amounts of water and nutrients. So the point is, take good care of the mother in whatever way possible and later you will benefit from it.
When taking cuttings from the mother plant ensure that you do not damage the plant. Leave enough for the plant so that it can grow again. Also, the cuttings should be done properly; otherwise they may not survive later on. With proper cutting, it is possible to get cent percent positive results.
What are the tools needed for cloning process?
For properly succeeding in cloning of the mother plant, you might require the aid of some essential tools such as:
- Rooting cubes
- Spraying bottle
- Dome and tray
- Heating mat
- Small grow light (for example Led Grow Light Bulb)
Make a note as to keep your tools as well as your work space neat and clean using alcohol or some other cleaning solution to avoid any plant diseases.
How to cut clones?
- Cut 3 to 5 inches long branch from the mother plant using scissors. Try to get two nodes (the part where stems and branches coincide) on it although one will also work.
- Remove bottom leaves from this cutting if any leaving only the top part. You can do this with a scalpel. Also, make a point as to cut at a 45-degree cut angle. This would provide enhances surface area for root development while getting rid of infections and diseases that may affect the plant.
- Immerse the bottom part of the cutting in root hormone. When making use of the gel type ones, only use thin layers as too much of it can cause trouble. Take small quantities of the gel in separate containers so that you do not dip the stem in the entire gel contaminating it. If dipping into the entire gel, the unused gel might become unfit for later use.
- Finally house the stem in a rooting cube and position it gently so that it stays upright.
This cutting needs proper attention in the early periods. Heat mats heated to 75 degrees Fahrenheit can keep the root area warm and thereby nurturing the growth process. Also place a humidity dome close to the root cube so that it does not dry up. Use these domes at least for a couple of days. You may also use fertilizers or compost tea to further improve the growth of your cutting. Now for the lighting, it needs to be used for at least 18 hours each day.
The humidity dome needs to be adjusted (or removed) for an hour a day so that the growing plants could catch some fresh air. The roots should develop prominently after a week’s time in the rooting cube. Once this stage is attained, you can move the plant into a suitable hydro system.
Don’t take the cutting process casually as even the most experienced of growers sometimes make a mess of it. So be extra careful and try to get that 100 percent success rate. The workspace as mentioned earlier should always be kept clean. Always give consistent care and support to these plants throughout its growing process and everything would turn out just fine.
If you have any questions or comments about the cloning of plants, please post them below! Discover benefits of hydroponics gardening and how to use LED Grow Lights to gain maximum yield at your indoor plantations.