To grow successfully hydroponic plants there are some important, yet simple guidelines, that you need to follow. After reading this article you should have the basic knowledge how you can start your own hydroponic garden.
One of the main benefits of growing hydroponic plants is that this method gives you the freedom to grow indoor plants in any season, and in different places. Your garden can flourish all through the year. The best benefit of hydroponic plants is that they don’t require soil as the medium to grow, they grow on water and every essential nutrient required for their growth can be supplied through the water. If this is completely new technique for you, please read first hydroponics for beginners post.
Hydroponic plants don’t even require sunlight, you can use LED grow lights to provide essential light and energy for your plantations.
What are hydroponic plants?
Before going to details of hydroponics, it is essential to know what hydroponic plants are. When we break the word hydroponics, we get two different words, one is hydro and other is ponics. “Hydro” means water and “ponics” means labor or work.
Hydroponics indicates a solution that is water-based and rich in nutrients and is used to nurture the plants. In simple terms, it can be presented that hydroponic growing is a type of soilless gardening.
This is nothing new because it is in practice for thousands of years. Whether you take the example of the hanging garden of Babylon or Floating gardens of China, they all are successfully proving the efficacy of soilless growing. In hydroponic plants, the minerals of water reach the plant without using the soil medium.
What are the advantages of hydroponic growing?
Hydroponic growing has many advantages, that’s why it is used quite widely, and even more also at home gardens. The crops grown hydroponically have better taste and are richer in nutrients. This makes them worth the price and/or effort to grow them.
Whether you grow them for your own consumption or for other people, the benefits they provide are matchless. When you grow your plants hydroponically, you get total control over nutrients as which and what amount of nutrients should go into the plants.
If you think without the soil, it will be all messy, then you are wrong in fact, it becomes much easier to monitor plant diseases or pests because in hydroponic growing they can’t hide or camouflage as they do in the soil.
To gain the best results, go for the perfect nutrient solution for your plants. Moreover, resources like water and space are efficiently utilized during hydroponic growing.
How to Grow Hydroponic Plants?
While growing hydroponic plants, if the plants are terrestrial plants, then their roots are soaked in the solution, rich in mineral nutrients. To grow your own small garden at your home, you can utilize this subset of soilless culture. This is the method used in growing crops, but you can use it for your little garden also.
In this whole process, for the growth of your plants, you should not forget to provide them optimum light. You can do that by using best available LED grow lights.
By following the simple steps below, you can easily establish your own hydroponics home garden, and get plants growing healthy & fast.
Step 1: Setting up the garden
The first thing that you will need is a place where to put hydroponics garden. You should decide that in what area you need to do the growing and how much is the quantity that you want to grow. After that, you can estimate the room space required to grow the plants.
Remember that, in the start, you should devote some time and energy to set up an indoor garden. Even if it is small, it will require your proper attention to get it function properly.
If you can’t devote enough time & energy for building your indoor garden, then you have another simple option also. You can always buy a small greenhouse or an easy to install grow room.
The next thing that comes is the amount of money to spend in establishing an indoor garden. This completely depends on your choice and preferences such as, what type of plants you want to grow and how rapidly or what type of growth you want.
Step 2: Decide the plants
After setting up the garden, next thing that comes for you is the decision about the type of plants you wish to grow and do you want to grow a single plant or multiple plants. Whether your choice is any type of crop or something else, all these necessary questions should have a clear answer in your mind. The decision is left on you because a different type of plants have a different type of seeds and the price of those seeds also varies differently.
Step 3: Set up the Hydroponic Structure
To make the structure, you can evenly mark 4-inch holes and then place the pots on these holes. Proper attention is required by holes because in the cold and hot climate, the pipes contracts and expands respectively.
In building an indoor garden, it becomes more important to maintain proper lighting for the steady growth of your plants. You should properly set up the lighting system and ensure that the blue and red spectrum of light is maintained properly. To make the process of photosynthesis more effective, you should install the best LED grow lights in your garden. These grow lights are easily available in the market and before buying them, you can do your own research as which LED grow lights are best to use. You can also read the LED grow lights reviews.
After setting up the structure and lighting system, you should go for the supporting medium for the roots of your plants. The root supporting system decides how effectively are the mineral nutrients and water distributed to the hydroponic plants.
Step 4: Prepare Solution and do the Planting
In the next step after setting up the structure and assembling, it is time to put the hydroponic fertilizer solution. The pH balance that needs to be maintained of the solution should be between 5.5 to 6.5. The water gel crystals should be present in the hydroponic solution and their average strength should be 20 CF. These numbers are not for a specific plant but are common to most of the plants and have the ability to increase the productivity of your plants.
At last, the time comes to plant the seedlings or the self-raised plants. When planting seedlings, you should be careful and remove any traces of soil. To get the best results, you should place a well-cleaned seedling inside the medium.
If you follow the above simple steps, you should be able to create your own hydroponic garden. Now you can cultivate & grow your plants, anytime and all around the year. The learning and practice of growing hydroponic plants can further be utilized to grow many edible plants and herbs.
One more benefit of hydroponic growing is that it gives you the opportunity to grow a good number of plants in a small space.